Top 5 Biggest Festivals In China

Top 5 Biggest Festivals in China

China, known for its rich cultural heritage, is a land of festivals and celebrations. With a history that dates back over 5,000 years, China has a wealth of fascinating festivals that reflect its diverse ethnic groups and traditions. From colorful parades to fireworks and traditional dances, these festivals are a sight to behold. Here are the top 5 biggest festivals in China:

1. Chinese New Year 🧧

Chinese New Year, also known as Spring Festival, is the biggest festival in China and is celebrated by over 1.4 billion people worldwide. The festival usually falls between January 21 and February 20, and lasts for 15 days. People celebrate with traditional foods, family gatherings, red envelopes filled with money, and fireworks.

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What are some traditional foods eaten during Chinese New Year?

Some of the traditional foods eaten during Chinese New Year include dumplings, spring rolls, glutinous rice cakes, and fish. These dishes are believed to bring good luck and prosperity for the upcoming year.

Why is the color red so important during Chinese New Year?

The color red is symbolic of good luck and prosperity in Chinese culture. During Chinese New Year, people decorate their homes with red lanterns, banners, and wear red clothing to ward off evil spirits and attract good fortune.

2. Mid-Autumn Festival 🌕

The Mid-Autumn Festival, also known as the Moon Festival, falls on the 15th day of the 8th lunar month (usually in September). This festival celebrates the harvest and the full moon, and is traditionally marked with mooncakes, lanterns, and family reunions.

What is a mooncake?

Mooncakes are a traditional Chinese pastry filled with lotus seed paste and an egg yolk in the center. They are often given as gifts during the Mid-Autumn Festival and are a symbol of unity and completeness.

Why is the full moon so important during the Mid-Autumn Festival?

The full moon is a symbol of unity and family reunion in Chinese culture. During the Mid-Autumn Festival, families gather together to watch the full moon and eat mooncakes, which are round like the moon and represent completeness.

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3. Dragon Boat Festival 🐲

The Dragon Boat Festival, also known as Duanwu Festival, is celebrated on the 5th day of the 5th lunar month (usually in June). This festival commemorates the death of Qu Yuan, a famous poet and minister, and is marked with dragon boat races, rice dumplings, and other traditional activities.

What are rice dumplings?

Rice dumplings, also known as zongzi, are a traditional Chinese food made of glutinous rice stuffed with pork, mushrooms, and other fillings, and wrapped in bamboo leaves. They are eaten during the Dragon Boat Festival to honor the memory of Qu Yuan.

Why is the dragon boat race so important during the Dragon Boat Festival?

The dragon boat race is a symbolic reenactment of the villagers’ attempt to rescue Qu Yuan from the river. The boats are shaped like dragons and the race is meant to ward off evil spirits and bring good luck.

4. Lantern Festival 🏮

The Lantern Festival marks the end of the Chinese New Year celebrations and falls on the 15th day of the 1st lunar month (usually in February or March). This festival is marked with colorful lanterns, lion dances, and other traditional activities.

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What is a lion dance?

A lion dance is a traditional Chinese dance performed during festivals and celebrations. The dance involves two performers dressed in a lion costume, one operating the head and the other the tail, and is meant to bring good luck and drive away evil spirits.

What is the significance of the lantern during the Lantern Festival?

The lantern is a symbol of hope and enlightenment in Chinese culture. During the Lantern Festival, people light and release lanterns into the sky to symbolize letting go of the past and welcoming a new beginning.

5. National Day 🇨🇳

National Day, also known as the Chinese Independence Day, is celebrated on October 1st to mark the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949. This festival is marked with parades, fireworks, and other patriotic activities.

Why is National Day so important in China?

National Day is a significant holiday in China as it marks the country’s independence and sovereignty. It is a time for people to celebrate their national pride and honor the sacrifices of those who fought for their freedom.

China’s festivals are a testament to the country’s rich cultural heritage and traditions. From the colorful parades to the traditional food and dances, these festivals provide a unique insight into Chinese culture and history.


If you have the opportunity to visit China, make sure to experience these festivals and immerse yourself in the country’s vibrant culture. From the Dragon Boat Festival to the Lantern Festival, there’s something for everyone to enjoy. Don’t miss out on these unique and unforgettable experiences!


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